Wireless Communication Basics
Wireless standards are a set of services and protocols that dictate how your Wi-Fi network (and other data transmission networks) acts. The most common wireless standards you will encounter are the IEEE 802.11 Wireless LAN (WLAN) & Mesh. The IEEE updates the 802.11 Wi-Fi standard every few years.These standards essential for the development and deployment of consumer electronics. They ensure that devices from different manufacturers can connect to the Internet or to a computer using a home network to provide access to digital content. These products include Internet connectivity using technologies such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, EDGE, or Ethernet.
The most common used WiFi standard in comsumer elecgtronics is is IEEE 802.11 b/g/n/ac.
The most common used short range standard is Bluetooth 5.x.
IEEE 802.11 is part of the IEEE 802 set of local area network (LAN) technical standards, and specifies the set of media access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) protocols for implementing wireless local area network (WLAN) computer communication³.
The following IEEE 802.11 standards exist or are in development to support the creation of technologies for wireless local area networking ⁴:
- 802.11a: 54 Mbps standard, 5 GHz signaling (ratified 1999)
- 802.11b: 11 Mbps standard, 2.4 GHz signaling (1999)
- 802.11c: Operation of bridge connections (moved to 802.1D)
- 802.11d: Worldwide compliance with regulations for use of wireless signal spectrum (2001)
- 802.11e: Quality of service control (2005)
- 802.11f: Inter-access point protocol (2003)
- 802.11g: 54 Mbps standard, 2.4 GHz signaling (2003)
- 802.11h: Spectrum management (2004)
- 802.11i: Security enhancements (2004)
- 802.11j: Extensions for Japan (2004)
- 802.11k: Radio resource measurement enhancements (2008)
- 802.11l: Wireless LAN medium access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications: Higher-Speed Physical Layer Extension in the 2.4 GHz Band (2009)
- 802.11m: Maintenance of the standard; odds and ends
- 802.11n: Multiple-input multiple-output antenna technology, up to four streams of data, up to 600 Mbps (2009)
- 802.11p: Wireless access in vehicular environments (WAVE) – DSRC
- 802.11q: VLAN support
- 802.11r: Fast roaming
- 802.11s: Mesh networking for wireless networks
- 802.11t: Wireless performance prediction
- 802.11u: Interworking with non-802 networks
- 802.11v: Wireless network management
- 802.11w: Protected management frames
- 802.11x: Port-based network access control
The Most Common Wi-Fi Standards and Types, Explained - MUO. https://www.makeuseof.com/tag/understanding-common-wifi-standards-technology-explained/.
Consumer electronics - Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consumer_electronics.
IEEE 802.11 - Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IEEE_802.11.
802.11 Standards Explained: 802.11ax, 802.11ac, 802.11b/g/n ... - Lifewire. https://www.lifewire.com/wireless-standards-802-11a-802-11b-g-n-and-802-11ac-816553.