A basic computing system comprises various components, including processors, system memory, storage, and I/O (Input/Output) peripherals. These elements work together to enable the functioning of the system.
System-on-Chip (SoC): The System-on-Chip is a compact integration of multiple components, such as the central processing unit (CPU), graphics processing unit (GPU), memory controllers, and other system components, onto a single chip. It provides the primary computational power and manages the overall system operations.
Memory: System memory, often referred to as RAM (Random Access Memory), is responsible for storing data and instructions that the processor needs for immediate access during program execution. It provides fast and temporary storage for active processes and plays a crucial role in determining system performance.
Storage: Storage devices, such as hard disk drives (HDDs), solid-state drives (SSDs), or other storage media, are used for long-term data storage in a computing system. These devices provide non-volatile storage space for operating systems, applications, user data, and files. HDDs offer higher storage capacity at a relatively lower cost, while SSDs provide faster data access speeds and enhanced durability.
Peripheral I/Os: Input/Output (I/O) peripherals encompass a wide range of devices that enable interaction between the computer system and the external world. Examples of I/O peripherals include keyboards, mice, displays, printers, network interfaces, USB devices, and audio devices. These peripherals facilitate data input, output, and communication between the computer system and the user or other external devices.
A basic computing system consists of a System-on-Chip (SoC) for computational power, memory for temporary data storage, storage devices for long-term data storage, and I/O peripherals for interaction with the external environment. These components work together to provide the functionality and capabilities of a computer system.